The nature of warfare has shifted from physical to online, seeing a deluge of state-sponsored cyber assaults on the West. The issue was put under the global spotlight last month (April), when the UK and US made an unprecedented joint statement blaming Russia for cyber-attacks on businesses and consumers.
The announcement – which is the first time two nations have come together to show solidarity in this area – saw the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), US Department of Homeland Security and the FBI warn businesses and citizens that Russia is exploiting network infrastructure devices such as routers around the world. The aim: To lay the groundwork for future attacks on critical infrastructure such as power stations and energy grids.
It is widely agreed that Russia is one of the most – if not the most – accomplished nations in the world in its ability to perform state sponsored attacks, disinformation and espionage. But China, North Korea and Iran are known to have dedicated cyber arsenals that are of increasing threat to the West.